D. Dutta Roy, Ph.D.
Psychology Research Unit
Indian Statistical Institute
203, B.T. Road
Kolkata - 700 035
Work motivation is a process to energize employee
to the work goal through a specific path.
||This is not an object rather method or technique or art
||Developing inner urge to put effort on successful performance.
||Person employed to exchange his cognitive, affective and conative
domains for achievement of organizational goal for salary etc. as
contracted by the organization.
||This is well defined, achievable and measurable
||Specific roles and job responsibilities are measurable and related
to goal achievement.
BARRIERS OF WORK MOTIVATION
|Attitude to employees
||Considering employee as cog of the machine rather as a human system
having unique needs, abilities, personality traits, values, aptitudes,
||Undefined, unachievable and unmeasurable
||Job responsibilities are undefined, unachievable, unmeasurable
and unrelated to work goal.
||Leadership failure in manipulation of incentives.
||Influence of informal communication systems through colleagues, unions
and family members.
STRATEGIES TO OVERCOME
||More emphasis on personnel specification and regression analysis to
determine weightage on job related individual characteristics.
|Human resource accounting
||Accounting IQ, EQ, personality traits, aptitude profiles of each employee.
||Selecting right man for right place at the right time.
||Employee as human system having specific needs, aptitudes, temperament,
attitudes towards job and the organization.
||Well defined job description and work roles. Introduce role drama for
role understanding for both lower level employees and the managers.
||Periodical training to the employees about upgradation of skills, work
role analysis and to the leaders about leadership development (communication,
manipulation of incentives, decision making etc).
||Periodical survey to study level of employee satisfaction , attitude
towards organizational health and their relations to individual productivity
and quality of working life for organizational
diagnosis.. Introduce organization development programmes for attitude
change in considering results of regression analysis.
||Introduce quality circle, suggestion box system, and intermingle organization
to the life style of the employees.
Above includes summary points of lecture given to the senior executives of the
Hindustan Copper Limited, Ghatshila, India and the IIM, Ghatshila chapter
by the invitation of Mr. N.K.Gami, Deputy General Manager (Personnel), dated.17.11.2001.
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