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Copyright Notice: This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. Persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by the copyright of each article. These works may not be reposted/reproduced in any form without the explicit permission of the copyright holders.

  • D. Dutta Majumder, A.K. Datta and S.K. Pal, "Computer Recognition of Telugu Vowel sounds", J. Comp. Soc. India, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 14-20, 1976. (PDF)

  • D. Dutta Majumder, S.K. Pal and B.B. Chaudhuri, "On Fast Algorithm for Reliability and Cost of a Complex Network", IEEE Trans. Reliability, vol. R-25, no. 4, p. 258, 1976. (PDF)

  • D. Dutta Majumder and S.K. Pal, "On Some Applications of Fuzzy Algorithm in Man-Machine Communication Research", J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 113-120, 1977.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Fuzzy Sets and Decision-making Approaches in Vowel and Speaker Recognition", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. SMC-7. no. 8, pp.625-629, 1977.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "On Automatic Plosive Identification Using Fuzziness in Property Sets" IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. SMC-8, no. 4, pp.302-308, 1978.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Vowel Identification Using Piecewise Separation Technique", Indian J. Tech., vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 148-158, 1978. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Effect of Fuzzification on Plosive Cognition Systems", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 873-886, 1978.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, A.K. Datta and D. Dutta Majumder, "Adaptive Learning Algorithm in Classification of Fuzzy Patterns : An Application to Vowels in CNC Context", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 9, no. 8, pp.887- 897, 1978. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, A.K. Datta and D. Dutta Majumder, "Computer Recognition of Vowel Sounds Using a Self- Supervised Learning Algorithms", J. Acoust. Soc. India, vol. VI, no. 4, pp. 117-123, 1978.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, A.K. Dutta and D. Datta Majumder, "A Self-Supervised Vowel Recognition System", Pattern Recognition, vol.12, no. 1, pp.27-34, 1980.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Image Enhancement Using Fuzzy Set", Electronics Letters, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 376-378, 9th May 1980.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Image Enhancement Using Smoothing with Fuzzy Set", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. SMC-11, no. 7, pp.494-501, 1981.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Histogram Equalisation with S and II Functions in Detecting X- ray Edges", Electronics Letters, vol. 17, no. 8, pp.302-304, 16th April 1981.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "A Note on the Quantitative Measure of Image Enhancement Through Fuzziness", IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. PAMI-4, no. 2, pp.204-208,1982.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Optimum Guard Zone for Self-Supervised Learning", IEE Proceedings, Part E, vol. 129, no. 1, pp.9-14, 1982.(PDF)

  • M.R. Azimi Sadjadi, R.A. King and S.K. Pal, "Optimization Technique for the Implementation of Two-Dimensional Recursive Digital Filters by Sectioning", IEE  Proceedings-F, vol. 129, no. 5, pp.373-380, 1982.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "On Edge Detection of X-ray Images Using Fuzzy Set", IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. PAMI-5, no. 1, pp.69-77, 1983.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, R.A. King and A.A. Hashim, "Image Description and Primitive Extraction Using Fuzzy Sets", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. SMC-13, no. 1, pp.94-100, 1983.(PDF)

  • N.M. Nasrabadi, S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Entropy-Coded Hybrid Differential Pulse-Code Modulation", Electronics Letters, vol. 19, no. 2, pp.63-65, 20th January 1983.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, R.A. King and A.A. Hashim, "Automatic Gray Level Thresholding Through Index of Fuzziness and Entropy", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 1, pp.141-146, 1983.(PDF)

  • F. Deravi and S.K. Pal, "Gray Level Thresholding Using Second-order Statistics", Pattern Recogn. Letters, vol. 1, pp.417-422, 1983.(PDF)

  • A. Pathak, S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Syntactic Recognition of Skeletal Maturity", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 2, pp. 193-197, 1984. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and B. Chakraborty, "Intraclass and Interclass Ambiguities (Fuzziness) in Feature Evaluation", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 2, pp. 275-279, 1984.(PDF)

  • S.A. Kwabwe, S.K. Pal and R.A. King, "Recognition of Bones from X-ray of the Hand", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 16, no. 4, pp.403-413, 1985.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy, S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Correlation Between Two Fuzzy Membership Functions", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 17, pp.23-38, 1985.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "A Measure of Edge Ambiguity Using Fuzzy Sets", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 4, no. 1, pp.51-56, 1986.(PDF)

  • A. Pathak and S.K. Pal, "A Generalized Learning Algorithm Based on Guard Zones", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 4, no. 2, pp.63-69, 1986.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and P.K. Pramanik, "Fuzzy Measures in Determining Seed Points in Clustering", Pattern Recognition Letters., vol. 4, no. 3, pp.159-164, 1986.(PDF)

  • M.K. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "Thresholding for Edge Detection Using Human Psychovisual Phenomena", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 4, no. 6, pp.433-441, 1986.(PDF)

  • A. Pathak and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Grammar in Syntactic Recognition of Skeletal Maturity from X-ray", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. 16, no. 5, pp.657-667, 1986.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and B. Chakraborty, "Fuzzy Set Theoretic Measures for Automatic Feature Evaluation", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. 16, no. 5, pp.754-760, 1986.(PDF)

  • A. Pathak and S.K. Pal, "On the Convergence of A Self-Supervised Vowel Recognition System", Pattern Recognition, vol. 20, no. 2, pp.237-244, 1987.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and N.R. Pal, "Segmentation Using Contrast and Homogeneity Measures", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 293-304, 1987.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Image Enhancement and A Quantitative Index Using Fuzzy Sets", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 18, no. 9, pp.1783-1797, 1987.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy, S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Representation of Fuzzy Operators Using Ordinary Sets", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. 17, no. 5, pp.840-847,1987.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and N.R. Pal, "Segmentation Based on Measures of Contrast, Homogeneity, and Region Size", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. 17, no. 5, pp.857-868, 1987.(PDF)

  • A. Pathak-Pal and S.K. Pal, "Learning with Mislabelled Training Samples Using Stochastic Approximation", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., vol. 17, no. 6, pp.1072-1077, 1987.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Rosenfeld, "Image Enhancement and Thresholding by Optimization of Fuzzy Compactness", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 7, no. 2, pp.77-86, 1988.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, A. Pathak and C. Basu, "Dynamic Guard Zone for Self-Supervised Learning", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 7, no. 3, pp.135-144, 1988.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Ambiguity and Decision Making in Image Analysis and Expert System : Fuzzy Mathematical Approach", (Invited Paper), J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs. (Special Issue on Fifth Generation Computer System), vol. 34, no. 3, pp.246-257, 1988.(PDF)

  • S.N. Biswas, S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Binary Contour Coding Using Bezier Approximation", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 237-249, 1988.(PDF)

  • M.K. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "A Note on Gray Level-Intensity Transformation: Effect on HVS Thresholding", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 8, no. 4, pp.257-269, 1988.(PDF)

  • M.K. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "Edge Detection Based on Human Visual Response", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 2523- 2542, 1988.(PDF)

  • S.N. Biswas and S.K. Pal, "Approximate Coding of Digital Contours", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. 18, no. 6, pp.1056-1066, 1988.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Entropic Thresholding", Signal Processing, vol. 16, no. 2, pp.97-108, 1989.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Skeletonization of Image", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 10, no. 1, pp.17-23, 1989.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Object-Background Segmentation Using New Definitions of Entropy", IEE Proceedings-E, vol. 136, no. 4, pp. 284-295, 1989.(PDF)

  • A. Pal(Pathak) and S.K. Pal, "Generalized Guard Zone Algorithm (GGA) for Learning: Automatic Selection of Threshold, Pattern Recognition, vol. 23, no. 3/4, pp.325-335, 1990.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Thresholding : Mathematical Framework, Bound Functions and Weighted Moving Average Technique", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no. 3, pp.197- 206, 1990.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Bhattacharyya, "Pattern Recognition Techniques in Analyzing the Effect of Thiourea on Brain Neurosecretory Cells", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no.6, pp.443-452, 1990.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S. Mitra, "Fuzzy Dynamic Clustering Algorithm", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no. 8, pp.525-535, 1990.(PDF)

  • M.K. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "Automatic Selection of Object Enhancement Operator with Quantitative Justification Based on Fuzzy Set Theoretic Measures", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no. 12, pp.811-829, 1990.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Ghosh, "Index of Area Coverage of Fuzzy Image Subsets and Object Extraction", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no. 12, pp.831-841, 1990.(PDF)

  • A. Pal(Pathak) and S.K. Pal, "Effect of Wrong Samples on the Convergence of Learning Processes", Information Sciences, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 191-201, 1991.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Tools For the Management of Uncertainty in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Vision and Expert System", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 22, no. 3, pp.511-549, 1991.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Image Model, Poisson Distribution and Object Extraction", Int. J. Patt. Recog. and Artificial Intell., vol. 5, no. 3, pp.459-483, 1991.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Rosenfeld, "A Fuzzy Medial Axis Transformation Based on Fuzzy Disk", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 12, no. 10, pp.585-590, 1991.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Entropy: A New Definition and Its Applications", IEEE Trans. Syst, Man and Cyberns., vol. SMC-21, no. 5, pp.1260-1270, 1991.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Image Segmentation Using Neural Networks", Biological Cybernetics, vol. 66, no. 2, pp.151-158, 1991.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D.P. Mandal, "Fuzzy Logic and Approximate Reasoning : An Overview", J. Inst. Electron. Telecom. Engg. (Special Issue on Patt. Recog.), vol. 37, no. 5/6, pp. 548-560, 1991.(PDF)

  • A. Pal(Pathak) and S.K. Pal, "Effect of Wrong Samples on the Convergence of Learning Processes-II: A Remedy", Information Sciences, vol. 60, no. 1/2, pp. 77-105, 1992.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Histogram Thresholding by Minimizing Gray Level Fuzziness", Information Sciences, vol. 60, no. 1/2, pp.107-135, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Fuzziness, Image Information and Uncertainty Management in Pattern Recognition" (Invited Paper), J. Sci. Indust. Research, vol. 51, pp.71-98, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D.P. Mandal, "Linguistic Recognition System Based on Approximate Reasoning", Information Sciences, vol. 61, no. 1/2, pp.135-161, 1992.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Higher Order Fuzzy Entropy and Hybrid Entropy of a Set", Information Sciences, vol. 61, no. 3, pp.211-231, 1992.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Determining the Shape of a Pattern Class From Sampled Points in R2", Int. J. General Systems, vol. 20, no. 4, pp.307-339, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Ghosh, "Image Segmentation Using Fuzzy Correlation", Information Sciences, vol. 62, no. 3, pp.223-250, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Ghosh, "Fuzzy Geometry in Image Analysis", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 48, no-1, pp.23-40, 1992.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh and S.K. Pal, "Neural Network, Self-Organisation and Object Extraction", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 11, no-5, pp.387-397, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and L. Wang, "Fuzzy Medial Axis Transformation (FMAT): Practical Feasibility", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 50, pp.15-34, 1992.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Formulation of a Multivalued Recognition System", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. 22, pp.607-620, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S. Mitra, "Multi-layer Perceptron, Fuzzy Sets and Classification", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 3, pp.683-697, 1992. (This paper received the 1994 Outstanding paper award from Neural Networks Council.)(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Set Theoretic Measures for Automatic Feature Evaluation-II", Information Sciences, vol. 64, pp.165-179, 1992.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Dasgupta, "Spectral Fuzzy Sets and Soft Thresholding", Information Sciences, vol. 65, pp.65-97, 1992.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Bounds for Membership Function: Correlation Based Approach", Information Sciences, vol. 65, pp.143-171, 1992.(PDF)

  • N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Some Properties of the Exponential Entropy", Information Sciences, vol. 66, pp.119-137, 1992.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Object Background Classification Using Hopfield Type Neural Network", Int. J. Patt. Recog. and Artificial Intell., vol. 6, pp.989-1008, 1992.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Self-organization for Object Extraction using Multilayer Neural Network and Fuzziness Measures", IEEE Trans. Fuzzy Systems, vol. 1, pp.54-68, 1993.(PDF)

  • J. Basak, S. Chaudhury, S.K. Pal and D. Dutta Majumder, "Matching of Structural Shape Descriptions with Hopfield Net", International J. of Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, vol. 7, pp.377-404, 1993.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and L. Wang, "Fuzzy Medial Axis Transformation (FMAT): Image Representation, Skeleton Extraction and Uncertainty Management in Computer Vision", Sadhana, vol. 18, Pt. 2, pp. 251-277, 1993.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Uncertainty Management in Space Station Autonomous Research : Pattern Recognition Perspective", Information Sciences, vol. 72, pp.1-63, 1993.(PDF)

  • N.R Pal and S.K. Pal, "A Review on Image Segmentation Techniques", Pattern Recognition, vol. 26, pp.1277-1294, 1993. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, D. Bhandari, P. Harish and M. K. Kundu, "Cellular Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms and Object Extraction", Far East Journal of Mathematical Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 139-155, 1993.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, D. Bhandari and M.K. Kundu, "Genetic Algorithms for Optimal Image Enhancement", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 15, pp.261-271, 1994.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Utility of Multiple Choices in Detecting Ill-defined Roadlike Structures", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 64, pp. 213-228, 1994.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Self-Organizing Neural Network as a Fuzzy Classifier", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. 24, pp.385-399, 1994.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Theoretical Performance of a Multivalued Recognition System", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., vol. 24, pp.1001-1021, 1994.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Neural Computing: An Introduction and Some Applications", Student J. Inst. Electron. Telecom. Engg. (Invited Paper), vol. 35, pp. 105-125, 1994. (PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "A Fusion of Fuzzy Sets and Layered Neural Networks at the Input, Output and Neuronal Levels", Indian J. of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 25, pp.127-141, 1994.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Logical Operation Based Fuzzy MLP for Classification and Rule Generation", Neural Networks, vol. 7, pp.353-373, 1994.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S. Mitra, "Fuzzy Versions of Kohonen's Net and MLP Based Classification : Performance Evaluation for Certain Non-convex Decision Regions", Information Sciences, vol. 76, pp. 297-337, 1994. (PDF)

  • D. Bhandari, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Directed Mutation in Genetic Algorithms", Information Sciences, vol. 79, pp.251-270, 1994.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Bhandari, "Selection of Optimal Set of Weights in a Layered Network using Genetic Algorithms", Information Sciences, vol. 80, pp.213-234, 1994.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Bhandari, "Genetic Algorithms with Fuzzy Fitness Function for Object Extraction Using Cellular Neural Networks", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 65, pp.129-139, 1994.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "A Remote Sensing Application of a Fuzzy Classifier", Int. J. Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems, vol. 2, pp. 287-295, 1994.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, S.K. Pal and M.K. Kundu "Fingerprint Classification Using Fuzzy Multilayer Perceptron", Neural Computing and Applications, vol. 2, pp.227-233, 1994.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Multi-layer Perceptron, Inferencing and Rule Generation", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 6, pp.51-63, 1995.(PDF)

  • L. Wang and S. K. Pal, "An Image Processing Algorithm Based on FMAT", NASA Tech Brief, vol. 19, no. 5, p. 92, 1995.(PDF)

  • A. Ghosh, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Modeling of Component Failure in Neural Networks for Robustness Evaluation : An Application to Object Extraction", IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 6, pp.648-656, 1995.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A.B. Leigh, "Motion Frame Analysis and Scene Abstraction : Discrimination Ability of Fuzziness Measures", Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, vol. 3, pp.247-256, 1995.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, C. A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Pattern Classification with Genetic Algorithms", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 801-808, 1995.(PDF)

  • J. Basak, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "A Connectionist System for Learning and Recognition of Structures: Application to Handwritten Characters", Neural Networks, vol. 8, pp.643-657, 1995.(PDF)

  • J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "X-tron : An Incremental Connectionist Model for Category Perception", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 6, pp.1091-1108, 1995.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Uncertainty Handling in Remnote Sensing Data Analysis for Defence Application", Defence Science Journal, vol. 45, pp. 303-306, 1995.(PDF)

  • S.N. Biswas and S.K. Pal, "Image Coding Using Modified Bezier Bernstein Polynomial", Information Sciences, vol. 83, pp.175-197, 1995.(PDF)

  • J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "PsyCOP -- A Psychologically Motivated Connectionist System for Object Perception", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 6, no. 6, pp.1337-1354, 1995.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Analysis of IRS Imagery for Detecting Man-made Objects with a Multivalued Recognition System", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., Part A, vol. 26, no. 2, pp.241-247, 1996.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S. Mitra, "Noisy Fingerprint Classification using Multi layered Perceptron with Fuzzy Geometrical and Textual Features", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 80, no. 2, pp.121-132, 1996.(PDF)

  • S.N. Biswas , N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Smoothing of Digital Images Using the Concept of Diffusion Process", Pattern Recognition, vol. 29, no. 3, pp.497-510, 1996.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and P.K. Srimani, "Neurocomputing: Motivation, Models and Hybridization", IEEE Computer, vol. 29, no. 3, pp.24-28, 1996.(PDF)

  • M. Banerjee and S.K. Pal, "Roughness of a Fuzzy Set", Information Science, vol. 93, no. 3/4, pp.235-246, 1996.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Self Organization, Inferencing and Rule Generation", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., Part A : Systems and Humans, vol. 26, no. 5, pp.608-620, 1996.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and N.R. Pal, "Soft Computing: Goals Tools and Feasibility", J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs. (Spl. issue on neural networks), vol. 42, no. 4 & 5, pp.195-205, 1996.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Neuro-fuzzy Expert Systems : Relevance, Features and Methodologies", J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs. (Special Issue on Neural Networks), vol. 42, no. 4 & 5, pp. 335-347, 1996.(PDF)

  • D. Bhandari, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Genetic Algorithm with Elitist Model and its Convergence", Int. J. Patt. Recog. & Arti. Intell., vol. 10, no. 6, pp.731-747, 1996.(PDF)

  • J. Basak, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "A Self-organizing Network for Mixed Category Perception", Neurocomputing vol. 10, pp.341-358, 1996.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, S.N. Sarbadhikari and S.K. Pal, "An MLP-based Model for Identifying qEEG in Depression", Int. J. Biomedical Computing, vol. 43, pp.179-187, 1996.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and A. Ghosh, "Neuro-fuzzy Computing for Image Processing and Pattern Recognition", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 27, no. 12, pp.1179-1193, 1996.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Pattern Classification with Genetic Algorithms: Incorporation of Chromosome Differentiation", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 18, no. 2, pp.119-131, 1997.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S.N. Sarbadhikari, "Classification of Distorted Overlapping Fingerprints with Fuzzy Geometrical Features", Int. J. Knowledge-based Intelligent Engg. Syst., vol. 1, no. 3, pp.120-137, 1997.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S. De and A. Ghosh, "Designing Hopfield Type Networks using Genetic Algorithms and its Comparison with Simulated Annealing", Int. J. Patt. Recog. Art. Intell., vol. 11, no. 3, pp.447-461, 1997.(PDF)

  • D.P. Mandal, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Determining the Shape of a Pattern Class : Extension to RN", Int. J. General Systems, vol. 26, no. 4, pp.297-324, 1997.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, R.K. De and S.K. Pal, "Knowledge Based Fuzzy MLP for Classification and Rule Generation", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 8, no. 6, pp.1338-1350, 1997.(PDF)

  • R.K. De, N.R. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Feature Analysis: Neural Network and Fuzzy Set Theoretic Approaches", Pattern Recognition, vol. 30, no. 10, pp.1579-1590, 1997.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and J. Basak, "Visual Pattern Recognition - Connectionist Perspective", (Invited Paper), Proc. National Academy of Sciences, India, vol. LXVII, Section-A, Part-III, pp. 205-227, 1997.(PDF)

  • B. Uma Shankar, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "A New Gray Level based Hough Transform for Region Extraction: An Application to IRS Images", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 19, no. 2, pp.197-204, 1998.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, S. K.  Pal and U.  Maulik, "Incorporating chromosome differentiation in genetic algorithms. Information Sciences," vol.  104, no. 3, pp. 293-319, 1998.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Soft Computing Tools and Pattern Recognition", (Invited Paper: 20th Ram Lal Wadhwa Award  Lecture), J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs., vol. 44, nos. 1-2, pp.61-87, 1998.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, J. Basak and R.K. De, "Fuzzy Feature Evaluation Index and Connectionist Realization", Information Sciences, vol. 105, nos. 1-4, pp.173-188, 1998.(PDF)

  • S. De, S.K. Pal and A. Ghosh, "Genotypic and Phenotypic Assortative Mating in Genetic Algorithm", Information Sciences, vol. 105, nos. 1-4, pp.209-226, 1998.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, S.K. Pal and C.A. Murthy, "Simulated Annealing Based Pattern Classification", Information Sciences, vol. 109, nos. 1-4, pp.165-184, 1998.(PDF)

  • J. Basak, R.K. De and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Feature Evaluation Index and Connectionist Realization-II: Theoretical Analysis", Information Sciences, vol. 111, nos. 1-4,  pp.1-17, 1998.(PDF)

  • C.A. Murthy, D. Bhandari and S.K. Pal, "e - Optimal Stopping Time for Genetic Algorithm", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 35, nos. 1-4, pp.91-111, 1998.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, M. Banerjee and S.K. Pal, "Rough Knowledge-Based Networks, Fuzziness and Classification", Neural Computing and Applications, vol. 7, pp. 17-25, 1998.(PDF)

  • S.N. Sarbadhikari, J. Basak, S.K. Pal and M.K. Kundu, "Noisy Fingerprints Classification with Directional FFT Based Features using MLP", Neural Computing and Applications, vol. 7, pp.180-191, 1998.(PDF)

  • J. Basak, R.K. De, and S.K. Pal, "Unsupervised Feature Selection Using Neuro-fuzzy Approach", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 997-1006, 1998.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Pattern Classification with Genetic Algorithms: Determination of H", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 19, no. 13, pp.1171-1181, 1998.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S. Bandyopadhyay and C.A. Murthy, "Genetic Algorithms for Generation of Class Boundaries", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns. Part B: Cybernetics, vol. 28, pp.816-828, 1998.(PDF)

  • M. Banerjee, S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Rough Fuzzy MLP : Knowledge Encoding and Classification ", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 9, no. 6, pp.1203-1216, 1998.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Models for Image Processing and Applications" (Invited Paper), Proc. Indian National Science Academy, part A, vol. 65, no. 1, pp.73-90, 1999.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Relation Between VGA Classifier and MLP : Determination of Network Architecture", Fundamenta Informaticae (Spl. issue on Soft Computing), vol. 37, nos. 1-2, pp.177-199, 1999.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Theoretical Performance of Genetic Pattern Classifier", (Invited Paper), J. Franklin Institute, vol. 336, pp.387-422, 1999.(PDF)

  • J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "Hough Transform Network", Electronics Letters, vol. 35, pp.577-578, 1999.(PDF)

  • J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "Connectionist Object Recognition - Methods and Methodologies", Int. J. Syst. Sci., vol. 30, no. 8, pp.823-848, 1999.(PDF)

  • R.K. De, J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "Neuro-fuzzy Feature Evaluation with Theoretical Analysis", Neural Networks, vol. 12, no. 10, pp.1429-1455,1999.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, R.K. De and J. Basak, "Unsupervised Feature Evaluation : A Neuro-fuzzy Approach", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 11, no. 2, pp.366-376, 2000.(PDF)

  • D. Zhang and S.K.Pal,"Parallel System Design for Time-Delay Neural networks", IEEE Trans. Syst.,Man and Cyberns., Part C: Application and Reviews, vol. 30, no. 2, pp.265-275, May 2000.(PDF)

  • R.K. De and S.K. Pal, "Pattern Classification using Fuzzy Sets and Neural Nets: A Case-based Approach", Int. J. Engg. Intell. Syst., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 103-108, 2000.(PDF)

  • D. Zhang and S.K. Pal, "A Fuzzy Clustering Neural Networks (FCNs) System Design Methodology", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 11, no. 5, pp.1174-1177, 2000.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "VGA Classifier: Design and Applications", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns., Part B : Cybernetics, vol. 30, no. 6, pp.890-895, 2000.(PDF)

  • P. Mitra, S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Staging of Cervical Cancer with Soft Computing", IEEE Trans. Bio-Medical Engineering, vol. 47, no. 7, pp.934-940, July 2000.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, A. Ghosh and B. Uma Shankar, "Segmentation of Remote Sensing Images with Fuzzy Thresholding, and Quantitative Evaluation", Int. J. Remote Sensing, vol. 21, no. 11, pp.2269-2300, July 2000.(PDF)

  • S.Mitra, P. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Evolutionary Modular Design of Rough Knowledge-Based Network using Fuzzy Attribute", Neurocomputing, (Special Issue on Rough-Neuro Computing), vol. 36. pp.45-66, 2001.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Pixel Classification using Variable String Genetic Algorithms with Chromosome Differentiation",   IEEE Trans. Geoscience &  Remote Sensing, vol. 29, no. 2, pp.303-308, 2001.(PDF)

  • P. Mitra, S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Evolutionary Modular MLP with Rough Sets and ID3 Algorithm for Staging of Cervical Cancer", Neural Computing and Applications, vol. 10, pp.67-76, 2001.(PDF)

  • P.K.Singal, S. Mitra and S. K. Pal, "Incorporation of Fuzziness in ID3 and Generation of Network Architecture", Neural Computing and Applications, vol. 10, pp.155-164, 2001.(PDF)

  • R.K.De and S.K.Pal,"A connectionist Model for Selection of Cases", Information Sciences, vol. 132. pp.179-194, 2001.(PDF)

  • S.K.Pal,"Fuzzy Image Processing and Recognition : Uncertainties Handling and Applications" (Invited Paper), Int. J. Image Graphics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp.169-195, 2001.(PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Supervised Pattern Classification by Surface Fitting with Genetic Algorithm", Proc. INSA-A, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 295-314, 2001. (PDF)

  • S. Choudhury, S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Modes of Radiowave Propagation: Neural Learning", Indian J. Physics, vol. 75B, no. 3, pp. 247-249, 2001.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S. Bandyopadhyay and C.A. Murthy, "Genetic Classifiers and Remotely Sensed Images : Comparison with Standard Method",   Int. J. Remote Sensing, vol. 22, no. 13, pp.2445-2569, 2001.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, S.K. Pal and P. Mitra, "Data Mining in Soft Computing Framework : A Survey", IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 13, no. 1, pp.3-14, 2002.(PDF)

  • P. Mitra, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Unsupervised Feature Selection using Feature Similarity",  IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. 24, no. 3, pp.301-312, 2002. (PDF)

  • R.K. De, J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "Unsupervised Feature Extraction using Neuro-fuzzy Approaches", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 126, pp.277-291, 2002.(PDF)

  • P. Mitra, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Density Based Multiscale Data Condensation",  IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. 24, no. 6, June 2002.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, V. Talwar and P. Mitra, "Web Mining in Soft Computing Framework : Relevance, State of the Art and Future Directions",   IEEE Trans. Neural Networks, vol. 13, no. 5, pp.1163-1177, 2002. (PDF)

  • S. K. Pal and P. Mitra,"Multispectral Image Segmentation Using Rough Set Initialized EM Algorithm", IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 40, no. 11, pp.2495-2501, 2002.(PDF)

  • C. Acharya and S.K. Pal, "Probabilistic Graphical Model Based Approach to Genetic Algorithm Design", J. Inst. Electron. and Telecom. Engrs. (Special Issue on Evolutionary Computation in Engineering Science), vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 339-347, 2002.(PDF)

  • S. Mitra, K. M. Konwar and S. K. Pal, "A Fuzzy Decision Tree, Linguistic Rules and Fuzzy Knowledge-Based Network: Generation and Evaluation", IEEE Syst., Man and Cyberns, Part C: Application and Reviews, vol. 32, no. 4., pp.328-339, 2002.(PDF)

  • D. Zhang, H. Peng, J. Zhou and S.K. Pal,"A Novel Face Recognition System Using Hybrid Neural and Dual Eigenspaces Method", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man and Cyberns., Part A: Systems and Humans), vol. 32, no. 6, pp.787-793, 2002.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S. Mitra and P. Mitra, "Rough Fuzzy MLP : Modular Evolution, Rule Generation and Evaluation", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 15, no. 1, pp.14-25, 2003. (PDF)

  • P. Mitra, S.K. Pal and M. A. Siddiqi, "Nonconvex Clustering Using Expectation Maximization Algorithm with Rough Set Initialization",  Pattern Recognition Letters (Special Issue on Rough Sets, Pattern Recognition and Data Mining), vol. 24, no. 6, pp.863-873, 2003.(PDF)

  • A. Roy and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Discretization of Feature Space for a Rough Set Classifier",  Pattern Recognition Letters (Special Issue on Rough Sets, Pattern Recognition and Data Mining), vol. 24, no. 6, pp.895-902, 2003.(PDF)

  • S. De, A. Ghosh and S.K. Pal, "Incorporating Ancestors' Influence in Genetic Algorithms", Applied Intelligence, vol. 18, pp.7-25, 2003. (PDF)

  • S. Choudhury, S. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Neuro-fuzzy Classification and Rule Generation of Modes of Radiowave Propagation",   IEEE Trans. Antennas & Propagation, vol. 51, pp.862-871, 2003. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and P. Mitra, "Case Generation using Rough Sets with Fuzzy Representation",  IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 16, no. 3, pp.292-300, 2004. (PDF)

  • P. Mitra, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "A Probabilistic Algorithm for Active Support Vector Learning", IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell., vol. 26, no. 3, pp.413-418, 2004. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Soft Data Mining, Computational Theory of Perceptions, and Rough-Fuzzy Approach",  Information Sciences (Special Issue on Soft Computing Data Mining), vol. 163, no. 1-3, pp.5-12, 2004. (PDF)

  • P. Mitra, B. Uma Shankar and S.K. Pal, "Segmentation of Multispectral Remote Sensing Images using Active Support Vector Machines",  Pattern Recognition Letters,  vol. 25, no. 9,  pp.1067-1074, 2004. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, B. Dasgupta and P. Mitra, "Rough Self Organizing Map",  Applied Intelligence (Special issue on Soft Case Based Reasoning), vol. 21, pp.289-299, 2004. (PDF)

  • S. Bandyopadhyay, S.K. Pal and B. Aruna, "Multiobjective GAs, Quantitative Indices and Pattern Classification",  IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns. Part B: Cybernetics, vol. 34, no. 5, pp.2088-2099, 2004. (PDF)

  • S.C.K. Shiu and S.K. Pal, "Case-Based Reasoning: Concepts, Features and Soft Computing",  Applied Intelligence (Special issue on Soft Case Based Reasoning), vol. 21, pp. 233-238, 2004. (PDF)

  • S. Mitra and S. K. Pal, "Fuzzy Sets in Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence",  Fuzzy Sets and Systems,  (Invited Position Paper), vol. 156, no. 3, pp. 381-386, 2005. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, B.L. Narayan and S. Dutta, "A Web Surfer Model Incorporating Topic Continuity",   IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 726-729, 2005. (PDF)

  • J. Basak and S.K. Pal, "Theoretical Quantification of Shape Distortion in Fuzzy Hough Transform", Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 154, no. 2, pp. 227-250, 2005. (PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay, P. Mitra and S.K. Pal, "Bioinformatics in Neurocomputing Framework", IEE Proc. Circuits, Devices and Systems (Special Issue), vol. 152, no. 5, pp.556-564, 2005. (PDF)

  • S. K. Pal, B. Uma Shankar and P. Mitra, "Granular Computing, Rough Entropy and Object Extraction", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 2509-2517, 2005. (PDF)

  • Y. Li, S.C.K. Shiu, S.K. Pal and J.N.K. Liu, "A Rough Set-Based Case-Based Reasoner for Text Categorization", Int. J. Approx. Reason. (Special Issue), vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 229-255, 2006. (PDF)

  • Y. Li, S.C.K. Shiu and S.K. Pal, "Combining Feature Reduction and Case Selection in Building CBR Classifiers", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 415-429, 2006. (PDF)

  • B.L. Narayan, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Maxdiff KD-tree for Data Condensation", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 187-200, 2006. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.S. Ray, "Evolutionary Computation in Bioinformatics: A Review", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns. Part C: Application and Reviews, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 601-615, 2006. (PDF)

  • S. Saha, C. A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Rough Set Based Ensemble Classifier for Web Page Classification", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 76, no. 1-2, pp. 171-187, 2007.(PDF)

  • D. Sen and S.K. Pal, "Histogram Thresholding using Beam Theory and Ambiguity Measures", Fundamenta Informaticae (Special Issue), vol.75, no.1-4, pp.483-504, April 2007.(PDF)

  • B.L. Narayan and S.K. Pal, "Stemming via Distribution Based Word Segregation for Classification and Retrieval", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns. Part B: Cybernetics, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 350-360, 2007. (PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Dynamic Range Based Distance Measure for Microarray Expressions and A Fast Gene Ordering Algorithm",  IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part-B, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 742-749, 2007. (PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Genetic Operators for Combinatorial Optimization in TSP and Microarray Gene Ordering", Applied Intelligence, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 183-195, 2007. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "Protein Sequence Analysis using Relational Soft Clustering Algorithms", Int. J. Computer Mathematics, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 599-617, May 2007.(PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "Rough-Fuzzy C-Medoids Algorithm and Selection of Bio-Basis for Amino Acid Sequence Analysis", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 859-872, 2007. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "Rough Set Based Generalized Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm and Quantitative Indices", IEEE Trans. Syst., Man and Cyberns. Part B: Cybernetics, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1529-1540, 2007. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "RFCM: A Hybrid Clustering Algorithm Using Rough and Fuzzy Sets", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 477-498, 2007.(PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, “Gene Ordering in Partitive Clustering using Microarray Expressions”, Journal of Biosciences (Special Issue), vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1019-1025, 2007. (PDF)

  • P.K. Tripathi, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "Multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization with Time Variant Inertia and Acceleration Coefficients", Information Sciences, vol. 177, no. 22, pp. 5033-5049, 2007. (PDF)

  • N. Ben, Q. Yang, S.C.K. Shiu and S.K. Pal, "Two Dimensional Laplacianfaces Method for Face Recognition", Pattern Recognition, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 3237-3243, 2008. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S. K. Pal, "Maximum Class Separability for Rough-Fuzzy C-Means Based Brain MR Image Segmentation", LNCS Trans. on Rough Sets, vol. 5390, pp. 114-134, 2008.(PDF)

  • B.L. Narayan and S.K. Pal, "Comparing Scores Intended for Ranking", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 21 , no. 1, pp. 21-34, 2009. (PDF)

  • D. Sen and S .K. Pal, "Generalized Rough Sets, Entropy and Image Ambiguity Measures", IEEE Trans. Syst, Man and Cyberns. Part B, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 117-128, 2009. (PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay, and S.K. Pal, "Combining Multi-Source Information Through Functional Annotation Based Weighting: Gene Function Prediction in Yeast", IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 229-236, 2009. This paper is included as a curated Paper in Saccharomyces Genome Database(SGD). (PDF)

  • D. Sen and S. K. Pal, "Histogram Thresholding using Fuzzy and Rough Measures of Association Error", IEEE Trans. Image Processing, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 879-888, 2009. (PDF)

  • S. Saha, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Tensor Framework and Combined Symmetry for Hypertext Mining", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 97, no. 1-2, pp. 215-234, 2009.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Computational Theory Perception (CTP), Rough-fuzzy Uncertainty Analysis and Mining in Bioinformatics and Web Intelligence: A Unified Framework", LNCS Trans. on Rough Set, vol. 5946, pp. 106-129, 2010.(PDF)

  • D. Sen and S.K. Pal, "Gradient Histogram: Thresholding in a Region of Interest for Edge Detection", Image and Vision Computing, vol.28, no.4, pp.677-695, April 2010. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "Feature Selection Using f-Information Measures in Fuzzy Approximation Spaces", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 854-867, June 2010. (PDF)

  • S. Saha, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "Application of Rough Ensemble Classifier to Web Services Categorization and Focused Crawling", Web Intelligence and Agent Systems, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 181-202, 2010. (PDF)

  • P. Maji and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy-Rough Sets for Information Measures and Selection of Relevant Genes from Microarray Data", IEEE Trans. Sys., Man and Cyberns., Part B: Cybernetics, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 741-752, 2010.  (PDF)

  • K. Ghosh and S.K. Pal, "Some Insights into Brightness Perception of Images in the Light of a New Computational Model of Figure-Ground Segregation", IEEE Transactions on System, Man and Cybernetics, Part A, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 758-766, 2010. (PDF)

  • S. Saha, C.A. Murthy and S.K. Pal, "A Novel Split and Merge Technique for Hypertext Classification", LNCS Trans. on Rough Set-XII,   vol. 6190, pp. 192-210, 2010.(PDF)

  • D. Sen and S. K. Pal, "Automated Exact Histogram Specification for Contrast Enhancement and Visual System Based Quantitative Evaluation", IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1211-1220, 2011. (PDF)

  • A. Ganivada, S. Dutta  and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Rough Granular Neural Networks, Fuzzy Granules and Classification", Theoretical Computer Science, Part C,  vol. 412, no. 42, pp. 5834-5853, 2011. (PDF)

  • S. K. Meher and S. K. Pal, "Rough-Wavelet Granular Space and Classification of Multispectral Remote Sensing Image", Applied Soft Computing, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 5662-5673, 2011.(PDF)

  • A. Ganivada and S. K. Pal, "A Novel Fuzzy Rough Granular Neural Network for Classification", International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems (IJCIS), vol. 4, no. 5,  pp.1042-1051, 2011.(PDF)

  • D. Sen and SK Pal, "Improving Feature Space based Image Segmentation via Density Modification", Information Sciences, vol. 191, pp. 169-191, 2012. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, S.K. Meher and S. Dutta, "Class-Dependent Rough-Fuzzy Granular Space, Dispersion Index and Classification", Pattern Recognition, vol. 45, no. 7, pp.2690-2707, 2012.(PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, S. Bandyopadhyay and S.K. Pal, "A Weighted Power Framework for Integrating Multi-Source Information: Gene Function Prediction in Yeast", IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 1162-1168, 2012. This paper is included as a curated Paper in Saccharomyces Genome Database(SGD) (PDF)

  • D. Bhandari, C. A. Murthy and S. K. Pal, "Variance as a Stopping Criterion for Genetic Algorithms with Elitist Model", Fundamenta Informarticae, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 145-164, 2012. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "Granular Mining and Rough-Fuzzy Pattern Recognition: A Way to Natural Computation", (Feature Article), IEEE Intelligent Informatics Bulletin, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 3-13, 2012.   (PDF)

  • A. Ganivada, S. S. Ray and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Rough Granular Self-Organizing Map and Fuzzy Rough Entropy", Theoretical Computer Science, vol. 466, pp.  37-63, 2012. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and D. Chakraborty, "Unsupervised Tracking Roughness and Quantitative Indices", Fundamenta Informaticae (Special Issue on Cognitive Informatics and Computational Intelligence), vol. 124, nos. 1-2, pp. 63-90, 2013.(PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, R. Banerjee, S. Dutta and S. Sen Sarma, "An Insight into the Z-number Approach to CWW", Fundamenta Informaticae, Special issue on Cognitive Informatics and Computational Intelligence, vol. 124, nos. 1-2, pp. 197-229, 2013.(PDF)

  • J. K. Pal, S.S. Ray, S. K. Pal, "A Weighted Threshold for Detection of Cancerous miRNA Expressions", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 127, nos.1-4, pp. 289--305, 2013. (PDF)

  • S.S. Ray and S.K. Pal, "RNA Secondary Structure Prediction using Soft Computing", IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 2-17, 2013.(PDF)

  • S.S. Ray, J.K. Pal and S.K. Pal, "Computational Approaches for Identifying Cancer miRNA Expressions", Gene Expression, vol. 15,  nos.5-6, pp. 243-253,2013. (PDF)

  • S. K. Pal and R. Banerjee, "Context Granularization and Subjective-Information Quantification", Theoretical Computer Science,  vol. 448, pp. 2-14, 2013. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal and S.K. Meher, "Natural Computing: A Problem Solving Paradigm with Granular Information Processing", Applied Soft Computing, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 3944-3955, 2013.(PDF)

  • D. Chakraborty, B. Uma Shankar and S.K. Pal, "Granulation, Rough Entropy and Spatiotemporal Moving Object Detection", Applied Soft Computing, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 4001-4009, 2013.(PDF)

  • A. Ganivada, S.S. Ray, and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy Rough Sets, and a Granular Neural Network for Unsupervised Feature Selection", Neural Networks, vol. 48, pp. 91-108, 2013. (PDF)

  • D. Sen, N. Gupta and S. K. Pal, "Incorporating local image structure in normalized cut based graph partitioning for grouping of pixels", Information Sciences, vol. 248, pp. 214–238, 2013.(PDF)

  • S. Poddar,  S. Tewary, D. Sharma,  V. Karar,  A. Ghosh  and S. K. Pal, "Non parametric modified histogram equalization for contrast enhancement", IET Image Processing, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 641-652, 2013.(PDF)

  • A. Albanese, S. K. Pal and A. Petrosino, "Rough Set, Kernel Set and Spatio-Temporal Outlier Detection", IEEE Trans. Knowledge and Data Engineering, vol. 26, no. 1. pp. 194-207, 2014.(PDF)

  • S. K. Pal, S. Kundu and C.A. Murthy, "Centrality Measures, Upper Bound, and influence Maximization in Large Scale Directed Social Networks", Fundamenta Informaticae, vol. 130, no. 3, pp. 317-342, 2014. (PDF)

  • S. Chattopadhyay, C. A. Murthy, S. K. Pal, "Fitting Truncated Geometric Distributions in Large Scale Real World Networks",  Theoretical Computer Science, vol. 551, pp. 22-28, 2014. (PDF)

  • S. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "FGSN: Fuzzy Granular Social Networks - Model and Applications", Information Sciences, vol. 314, pp. 100 -117, 2015. (PDF)

  • S. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "Deprecation based Greedy Strategy for Target Set Selection in Large Scale Social Networks", Information Sciences, vol. 316, pp. 107-122, 2015. (PDF)

  • R. Banerjee and S.K. Pal, "Z*-numbers: Augmented Z-numbers for Machine-subjectivity Representation", Information Sciences, vol. 323, pp. 143-178, 2015.(PDF)

  • S. K. Pal, S. K. Meher  and A. Skowron, "Data Science, Big Data and Granular Mining", Pattern Recognition Letters, vol.67, part 2, pp.109-112, 2015, (PDF)

  • S. Kundu and S.K. Pal, "Fuzzy-Rough Community in Social Networks", Pattern Recognition Letters (Special Issue on Granular Mining and Knowledge Discovery), vol. 67, part 2, pp. 145-152, 2015. (PDF)

  • R. Banerjee and S. K. Pal,  "Text Comprehension and the Computational Mind Agencies", Natural Computing, Special Issue on Information Granulation in Natural Computing, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 603-635, 2015. (PDF)

  • S.K. Pal, "50 Years of Fuzzy Sets: Data to Knowledge", (Prof. S.N. Mitra Memorial Award Lecture - 2015), Annals of the Indian National Academy of Engineering,  vol. XIII, pp. 25-34, April 2016.(PDF)

  • A. H. El-Baz, A. S. Tolba and S. K. Pal, "Robust Boosted Parameter Based Combined Classifier for Rotation Invariant Texture Classification", Applied Artificial Intelligence, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 77-96, 2016. (PDF)

  • D. Bhunia Chakraborty and S. K. Pal, "Neighborhood Granules and Rough Rule-Base in Tracking", Natural Computing, (Special Issue on Pattern Recognition and Mining), Springer, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 359-370, 2016. doi:10.1007/s11047-015-9493-6.(PDF)

  • J. K. Pal, S. S. Ray and S. K. Pal, "Identifying Relevant Group of miRNAs in Cancer using Fuzzy Mutual Information", Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 701-710,  2016. (PDF)

  • S. S. Ray, A. Ganivada, and S. K. Pal, "A Granular Self-Organizing Map for Clustering and Gene Selection in Microarray Data," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks and Learning Systems, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1890-1906, 2016. (PDF)

  • R. Banerjee and S.K. Pal, "A Computational Model for the Endogenous Arousal of Thoughts through Z*-numbers", Information Sciences, vol. 405, pp. 227-258, 2017.(PDF)

  • S. K. Pal and D. Bhunia Chakraborty, "Granular Flow Graph, Adaptive Rule Generation and Tracking", IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, DOI: 10.1109/TCYB.2016.2600271.

  • J. K. Pal, S. S. Ray, S. B. Chow and S. K. Pal, "Fuzzy-Rough Entropy Measure and Histogram Based Patient Selection for miRNA Ranking in Cancer", IEEE/ ACM Trans. Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, DOI: 10.1109/TCBB.2016.2623605.

 

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