Every year, the National Board for Higher Mathematics (NBHM), (funded by the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India), organizes Mathematical Olympiads at state as well as at national level to encourage talented students to take up Mathematics as their career. Students of Class VIII , IX , X , XI and XII can appear at Mathematical Olympiads. The country is divided into several regions. In each region the Regional Mathematical Olympiad (RMO) is conducted in December. Based on their performance in RMO, about 30 students are selected from each region to appear at the Indian National Mathematical Olympiad (INMO) from which about 30 students (INMO-Awardee) are selected. All the INMO-Awardees receive prizes in the form of books and cash. Further, those who take up mathematics as their career receive a monthly stipend of Rs. 700.00 and an annual contingency of Rs. 1000.00. The INMO-Awardees joining professional courses may also be considered for the scholarship and/or cash prizes provided they show excellence in Mathematics in a special examination conducted by NBHM every year.

A month long training camp is organised in May-June every year for the INMO-Awardees. During the training camp, the students have to appear at a series of tests. Based on their performance in these tests a maximum of six students are chosen to represent India at the prestigious International Mathematical Olympiad held in July every year in different countries. The INMO-Awardees are given one year postal coaching in problem solving. If a student's performance is satisfactory then he/she is again invited for one month training camp as a senior participant. Senior students are also considered for selection in the Indian team for IMO alongwith the junior students.

The Regional Mathematical Olympiad--2006 for West Bengal will be
held on Sunday, 3 December 2006 at the
test centres
located at Berhampore, Burdwan, Calcutta,
Kalyani, Kharagpur, Purulia, Santiniketan and Siliguri. Students of
outstanding mathematical ability studying in Class VIII, IX, X, XI
or XII in any school/college in West Bengal may collect the
application form from

Regional co-ordinator,

Stat-Math Unit,

Indian Statistical Institute,

203 B.T. Road,

Calcutta 700 108,

on any working day of the Institute from **10
July, 2006**. Request for application form by post should be
accompanied by a self-addressed Rs. 5/- envelope. The
application form
can be downloaded and printed as well. (*Do not print back to back. Print them on separate
pages.*) Xerox copy of the
application form may be used but not typed copy. Signed application
on plain paper giving Name, Address, Class, Name and address of the
school/college and center preferred may also be accepted. Each
application should be accompanied by 2 passport size photographs,
attested copy of latest mark sheet showing the class, a
self-addressed stamped Rs. 20/- 12" × 6" size envelope and a
DD of Rs. 60/- drawn in favour of the Indian Statistical Institute,
Calcutta at any nationalized bank at Calcutta. The last date for
submission of application is **20 October 2006**.

Please note that the Olympiad requires special talent and interest in Mathematics -- it is not meant for the average or even good student who does not have this. Class VIII students should not apply unless they are truly exceptional.

Students appearing at any mathematical olympiad must be
well versed with all the mathematics taught upto Class X level.
The problems asked at RMO, INMO and IMO can be broadly divided
into four topics: Algebra, Combinatorics, (Euclidean) Geometry
and Number Theory. The book ''*An Excursion In
Mathematics*'' ([1] below) gives a fairly good idea of the
background needed to solve these problems. The students may also try the
old exams of RMO and INMO. No calculator is
required. All the problems can be solved without using Calculus.
However a problem set at any mathematical Olympiad
is rarely of the type which can be solved by straightforward
application of known results. Therefore, it is highly advisable
that a student solves as many new problems as possible with no
or with minimum help.

[1.] **AN EXCURSION IN MATHEMATICS**, Chief Editor M. R. Modak,
Bhaskaracharya Pratisthan, 56/14 Erandavane,
Damle Path, Pune 411 004.

[2.] **PROBLEM PRIMER FOR THE OLYMPIAD** by *C. R.
Pranesachar, B. J. Venkatachala, C. S.
Yogananda*, Prism Books Pvt. Ltd., #1865, 32nd. Cross,
BSK II Stage, Bangalore 560 070. or 49, Sardar Sankar Road,
Kolkata 700029. Phone: 24633890/24633944.

[3.] **MATHEMATICAL CHALLENGES FROM OLYMPIADS,** by *C. R.
Pranesachar, S. A. Shirali, B. J. Venkatachala, C. S. Yogananda*, Prism Books
Pvt. Ltd.

[4.] **CHALLENGE AND THRILL OF PRE-COLLEGE MATHEMATICS** by
*V. Krishnamurthy, C. R. Pranesachar, K. N. Ranganathan and
B. J. Venkatachala*, New Age Publications.

[1.] **PROBLEM-SOLVING STRATEGIES** by *Arthur Engel*, Springer.

[2.] **A PRIMER ON NUMBER SEQUENCES** by *S. A.
Shirali*, University Press.

[3.] **FIRST STEPS IN NUMBER THEORY — A PRIMER ON
DIVISIBILITY** by *S. A. Shirali*, University Press.

[4.] **FUNCTIONAL EQUATIONS — A Problem Solving Approach** by
*B. J. Venkatachala*, Prism Books Pvt. Ltd., #1865, 32nd. Cross,
BSK II Stage, Bangalore 560 070. or 49, Sardar Sankar Road,
Kolkata 700029. Phone: 24633890/24633944.

Orders for the books can also be placed at **SARASWATI PUSTAKALAYA, 138/1 GOPAL LAL THAKUR ROAD, Calcutta 700
035. Tel: 2577-1415.**