PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT OF
          TEACHERS,PHYSICIANS,BANK MANAGERS AND CREATIVE ARTISTS

                                       Dr. D. Dutta Roy, Ph.D.(Psychology)

1. Emotional status of orthopaedically handicapped subjects and neurotic patients

Psychological measures (viz., State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Multiphasic questionnaire, Personality Questionnaire) were administered on a group of twenty six Orthopaedically handicapped subjects(OH),twenty Neurotic patients (NP) and twenty six normal subjects to assess their motional status. OH and NP showed similar level of emotional disturbances on all the variables on the said measures when compared with the normals. The scores obtained by the OH and NP groups were significantly higher than those obtained by the normal subjects.

(Ref:Bandyopadhyay,S.,Dutta Roy,D.,Basu,A.K. and Chattopadhyay,P.K.(1987) Emotional status of orthopaedically handicapped subjects and neurotic patients, Indian Psychological Review, 32,8 & 9,1-7. 2.

2.Relative importance of personality factors in discriminating four occupational groups

Objectives of the present study were (i) to determine relative importance of personality factors of Cattell's 16PF in discriminating four occupational groups, namely, teachers, physicians, bank managers, and fine artists and (ii) to find out linear combination of 16 personality factors which produces the maximum difference among four occupational groups. Data were collected from 84 teachers, 67 physicians, 60 bank managers and 49 fine artists. Five personality factors as I,A,O,F and B, were identified as relatively more important in discriminating four occupational groups through stepwise discriminant analysis. Discriminant scores, based on linear combination of most discriminating personality factors, of each occupational group was discussed. For vocational counselling, findings of the study are very important.

(Ref: Dutta Roy,D.(1994) Relative importance of personality factors in discriminating four occupational groups, Indian Journal of Applied Psychology, 31,1,34-38.

3. A Cross cultural study on similarity of personality profiles of teachers and physicians developed on the basis of 16 PF

The aim of the study is to compare the personality profiles of two occupational groups, viz, physicians and
teachers belonging to two different cultural set ups, namely Indian and British cultures. Cattell's 16 P.F.
questionnaire (Form A) was used to collect data from Indian samples. Results showed significant mean
differences in some personality factors of two occupational groups in both cultures and wide difference in
'rp' between Indian and British occupational groups.

(Ref: Mukerjee,M.and Dutta Roy, D. ((1994) A Cross cultural study on similarity of personality profiles of teachers and physicians developed on the basis of 16 PF . Indian Journal of Psychology, 69, 3 & 4, 79-86.)

4. Personality structure of teachers

Cattell's 16 P.F. was administered to teachers of well known private and public schools in
Calcutta,Bombay,Delhi and Madras. Principal component analysis with oblique rotation extracted three
personality factors as emotional stability,faithfulness and independence.

 (Ref: Dutta Roy, D. (1994) Personality structure of teachers,Indian Educational Review,25, 34, 89-92.)
 

5. Differences in personality factors of experienced teachers,physicians, bank managers and fine artists

Personality factor scores of experienced teachers, physicians, bank managers, and the fine artists werecompared. Factor scores were derived from factor loadings of Cattell's 16PF (Form A). Six factors (Relaxed-anxiety, Forthright-complex, Less moralistic - high oralistic,introversion-extraversion,toughminded-tenderminded,  Low intelligence-high intelligence) were obtained through principal component analysis with varimax criterion. Results show that teachers are significantly more extraverted
and anxious, physicians are more intelligent, introverted and anxious, bank managers are more extraverted, relaxed, tough minded and intelligent, artists are introverted and tenderminded.

 (Ref:Dutta Roy, D.(1995) Differences in personality factors of experienced teachers,physicians, bank managers and fine artists,Psychological Studies, 40,1, 51-56.)

6. A comment on the similarities in the sixteen PF profiles of Indian and American creative artists

An attempt has been made in the present study to identify similarities by comparing personality characteristics of Indian professionals in fine arts collected by the author against the personality characteristics of American professionals in fine arts, as reported by cross et. al.,1967. In the present study,both sets of personality data were collected by respective authors by Cattell's 16 P.F. test- in the current century but within a span of 30 years difference, approximately, and without any rigorous effort to match the samples by certain sample- relevant independent variables, except that both respondent groups were recognized fine artists of two different lands.By comparing two sets of data the present author has drawn certain inferences on the similarities and disimilarities in the personality characteristics of fine arts specialists of India and America. In spite of certain methodological limitations, the study is stimulating.

( Ref: Dutta Roy, D. (1995) A comment on the similarities in the sixteen PF profiles of Indian and American creative artists,Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 1,(1 & 2), 11-14 )

7.   Personality profile similarity of Indian and British physicians

Current study examined the hypothesis that personality profiles of two different cultural groups were closed to each other when occupation were same. Using Cattells rp index of profile similarity, it was found that personality profiles of Indian and British physicians were significantly very closed to each other. Of sixteen personality factors, only five factors were significantly different in both groups.

( Ref: Dutta Roy, D. (1995) Personality profile similarity of Indian and British physicians, Asian Journal of Psychology and Education, 28, 5-6, 5-8.)

8. Personality model of fine artists

This investigation was designed to (a) identify the personality factors that best discriminated between fine artists and nonartists, and (b) develop a model through which those discriminating personality factors could be predicted from  other personality factors. Cattell's 16 PF test (Form A) was individually administered to 51 artists and 51 non artists randomly selected from 235 cases. Stepwise discriminant analyses and standardized partial regression analyses showd that three personality factors, which related
to working style and creative production of artists, could best differentiate the artists from the nonartists.These could be predicted from seven other personality factors of the 16 PF. Thus although prior studies used tests of means and found differences between artists and non artists in a number of interrelated personalityfactors, the present discriminant analysis revealed that differences adequately could be explained with only three personality factors: artists are more introverted, independent, and tender-minded than non artists. These three factors can be predicted from a larger set of traits-if prediction is an issue-and in any case they have the advantage of parsimony.

(Ref: Dutta Roy, D.(1996) - Personality model of fine artists,Creativity Research Journal,9,4,391-394)

9. Psychiatric personality profile similarity among  splenectomy,non-splenectomy beta thalassaemic  children

During the last few years, there has been a rapid increase in knowledge about thalassaemia in different medical literatures but
there is a dearth of study in medicine about the psychiatric status of thalassaemic patients. As a result, profile of thalassaemic
patients depicts clinical, haematological, geographical and filial characteristics rather psychiatric characteristics. One major
technique for the treatment of thalassaemia is splenectomy. The behavioural pattern of the children with splenectomy appears to
be more closer to the normal children than non splenectomy group. Due to splenectomy, they visit clinic for blood transfusion less
frequently than non splenectomy group. With this assumption, present study aimed at comparison in psychiatric profiles of
splenectomy and non splenectomy children with non- thalassaemic children (control group). Eysenck's Junior Personality Inventory
was administered for collection of data. The inventory measures psychoticism, extraversion, neuroticism and lie traits. Results
showed that psychiatric profile of control group was more close to splenectomy than non splenectomy children.

(Ref:Dutta Roy,D.,Kar, R.,Chakraborty,M.(1997) Psychiatric personality profile similarity among
splenectomy,non-splenectomy beta thalassaemic children,Indian Journal of  Psychology, 72(1&2),9-13).

10. Personality differences across four metropolitan cities of India

Differences in personality traits across four metropolitan cities and the modal personality structure of the people in four cities were
examined. Cattell's 16 PF test (Form A) was used for measurement of personality. It was found that samples of calcutta (n=93)
were significantly higher on factors B,E,I, and Q2 than those of Delhi (n=51), Bombay (n=64) and Madras (n=78). Factor analysis
with varimax rotation identified four personality factors, similar to big five personality dimensions. The derived factors were not
significantly different across cities. Results were explained in terms of socio-cultural and climatic changes in four cities.
Implication of the findings on identification of human potentials for socio-economic growth of those cities were illuminated.

(Ref: Dutta Roy, D. (1998)  Personality differences across four metropolitan cities of India, Indian Journal of
Psychology, 73, 1&2, 43-49.)

E-mail: dduttaroy@yahoo.com

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