SCIENTIFIC  RESEARCH PAPERS  PUBLISHED IN JOURNALS ONLY  

Dr. D.Dutta Roy, Ph.d.

 

Last Updated: 12.12.2010;
Book Chapters

 
  1. Dutta Roy, D., Ghosh,S. and Rahman, F.H. (2012).Perceived Environmental Uncertainty in Crop cultivation in West Bengal: Agro Psychological Counselling Perspective. Indian Journal of Psychology. Special issue, January, 111-120.
  2. Dutta Roy,D.(2011).School Psychology.Psybernews,2,3,103-105.
  3. Dutta Roy,D. - Construct validity of writing motivation questionnaire. International Journal of Psychological Research 3,2,6-11
  4. Dutta Roy,D. (2010).Rabindrik Psychotherapy in Stress Management. PsyInsight. 1,3,10.
  5. Dutta Roy, D. and Basu, K. (2010). Autistic behaviour analysis : Pre-post and repeated measure design. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication, 1,4,39-46.
  6. Roy,A. and Dutta Roy,D.(2010).Predicting cash flow of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in West Bengal : An exploratory study of public finance. Journal of Management research in Emerging economics. Vol.1.1. (in print).
  7. Dutta Roy,D.(2010).Cluster Analysis for Test-Retest Reliability. International Journal of Psychological Research ,(published from USA). 3,1,131-139.
  8. Dutta Roy,D.(2010).Construct validity of Reading motivation. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, (to be published in January 2011, vol.37,No.1).
  9. Dutta Roy,D. and Mondal,A. (2010). Information organization errors in backward digit span task. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,3,43-49.
  10. Dutta Roy,D. (2010). Stem-Leaf Plot:Problem of Data Visualization. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,3,50-54.
  11. Dutta Roy,D.(2010). Challenges of Psychometrics. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,3,18-19.
  12. Ganguly,A. and Dutta Roy,D. (2010). Web Content analysis to study researches on entrepreneurial psychology. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,2,27-31.
  13. Dutta Roy,D.(2010). Data entry error.PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,2,36-39.
  14. Dutta Roy,D.(2010). Psychoinformatics: Innovation in mining randomized data. PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,1,23-31.
  15. Dutta Roy,D.(2010). Pre-Requisites of Psychological testing PSYBER NEWS: International Psychology Research Publication,1,1,13-14.
  16. Dutta Roy,D.(2009)- Self-efficacy of Agricultural farmers:A case study. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology,, 35,2,323-328.
  17. Dutta Roy,D. (2008).Statistical models in Selection of Army officers, Selection Centre East journal, 8, November, 71-75.
  18. Dutta Roy,D. (2008). Psychological stress management for CBI officers : Ecological approach, The Vision, Vol. 4, No.1, 55-61 .
  19. Dutta Roy, D. (2008). Sustainable Reading Motivation. Pratyay, 3, 1, 6-12
  20. Dutta Roy, D. (2008). Assessing Validity of Web-Based Computer Adaptive Training Modules, Journal Of The Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, Vol. 34, No.1, January, 127-136.
  21. Dutta Roy,D. (2006). Non-financial accounting for innovation: A Conceptual framework, The Vision,Journal of Management and Allied Sciences, 2,3,1-7.
  22. Dutta Roy,D.(2006). Clusturing academic profiles of tribal and non-tribal school students of Manipur. Journal of Psychometry, 20,2, 1-12.
  23. Dutta Roy,D. (2006). Managing Incentive for Innovation, Effective Executive, 8,11,87-90.
  24. Dutta Roy, D.(2006). Managing school infrastructure for indigenous people in hills of Manipur, The Vision, Journal of Management and Allied Sciences, 2,1, 27-32.
  25. Dutta Roy, D. (2006).Psychological distress and body weight in Antarctic expedition,Indian Journal of Applied Psychology, 43, April, 63-69.
  26. Dutta Roy, D. and Roy, S.K.(2006). Effect of workers education in achieving organizational excellence: A case study in Jute mill. Proceedings of the 4th Indian Congress on Quality, Environment, Energy and Safety management system,Kolkata: Oxford Publishing House, 1-14
  27. Dutta Roy,D.(2006). Development of picture drawing test to assess consciousness layers of tribal children of Tripura, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology,Vol. 32, No. 1, 20-25
  28. Dutta Roy, D. (2005). What do computer programmers want for job satisfaction ?: Problem of Human resource Management, Journal of Applied Psychological Issues, Vol. 11, 1&2, 7-14.
  29. Dutta Roy, D. (2005).Clustering state anxiety scores across twelve months in the Antarctic expedition,Journal of Psychometry,Vol.XIX,1,January,pp 14-20.
  30. Dutta Roy,D. (2005). Some strategies to make organization innovative. The vision, 1,4,19-25.
  31. Dutta Roy, D. (2004). Analysis of drawing of tribal children in Tripura to understand different patterns of consciousness levels. A Quarterly Research Journal on Tribal life and Culture, 13, 45,17-23.
  32. Dutta Roy, D. (2003).Individual characteristics for the success in computer programming, Journal of Personality and Clinical Studies,19,1,57-61.
  33. Dutta Roy, D. (2003).Organizational Diagnosis,Tapasya,Vol.3, 25th December,pp 7-10.
  34. Dutta Roy, D. (2003).Cluster analysis of GHQ-12 items using Indian Antarctica Expeditioners' Responses,,Journal of Psychometry ,Vol.17, No.1&2,pp 38-44.
  35. Dutta Roy, D. (2003).Organizational Diagnosis: Behavioural Perspectives,, AIM EXPLORE,Vol.1,1,July-December,pp 36-39.
  36. Dutta Roy,D. (2002). Correspondence between item and rating on the checklist of relative importance of computer programming tasks., Journal of Psychometry, 16,2,67-76.
  37. Dutta Roy, D. (2002). Aptitude Importance Profile Similarity of Computer Programmers Across Different Organizations, Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 10, 1&2, 129-132.
  38. Dutta Roy, D. (2002) Personality differences across four metropolitan cities of India, Indian Psychological Review, 58,2,71-78.
  39. Dutta Roy, D. and Paul, M. (2002). Reading motivation of children in grades III and IV, Indian Educational Review, 38,1,43-51.
  40. Dutta Roy,D. (2002). Computer programming job analysis, Management and Labour Studies, 27,4,255-262.
  41. Dutta Roy, D. and Mallik, R. (2000) Ranking General aptitudes for success in computer programming, Journal of the Indian Academy of applied Psychology, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 26, 1-2, 135-139.
  42. Dutta Roy, D. (2000) Maximizing coefficient alpha of state anxiety inventory in repeated measurement design, Indian Journal of Psychometry and Education, 31, 2, 111-114.
  43. Dutta Roy, D. & Mukhopadhyay, S. (1999) Organizational coping and organizational commitment across organizational hiearchies in heavy engineering organizations, Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 10, 2, 5-20.
  44. Dutta Roy, D., Mallik,R, Banerjee,I. (2000) . Factor analysis of computer programming tasks, Vignana Bharathi, 16,1, 43-48
  45. Dutta Roy,D., Maitra,M. and Deb,N.C. (2000) State anxiety profile similarity of scientists and logistic personnel in the Antarctica expedition using'rp' index, Psychological Studies, 45,1&2, 87-89.
  46. Dutta Roy,D. (1999). Perceived importance of computer programming aptitudes, Indian Journal of Applied Psychology, April, 36, 6-9. (Paper recived Prof. T.E. Shanmugam Award for excellence in research for 1999 and 2000).
  47. Dutta Roy, D. (1999) Item response theory in Organizational Psychology : A Review, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 25, 1-2, 125- 128.
  48. Dutta Roy, D. and Deb, N.C.  (1999)  Item-total score correlations of state anxiety inventory across different months in Antarctic Expedition, Psychological Studies, 44,1&2, 43-45
  49. Dutta Roy.D. and Bannerjee,I.(1998) Correspondence analysis between stimulus length and amount of forgetting in assessment of short term memory span,Indian Journal of Psychometry and Education, 29,1,7-12
  50. Dutta Roy,D. and Ghosh,M. (1997) Assessing the health of a hospital - A process state approach Management and Labour studies, 22,1,6-12.
  51. Dutta Roy, D. (1997) Relative prediction of Organizational Health Variables in predicting Job satisfaction,Productivity, 38,3,458-461.
  52. Dutta Roy,D.,Kar, R.,Chakraborty,M.(1997) Psychiatric personality profile similarity among splenectomy,non-splenectomy beta thalassaemic children,Indian Journal of  Psychology, 72(1&2),9-13.
  53. Dutta Roy,D.(1997) Resisting decline in short term memory span:Effect of age and Education, Psychological Studies, 42,2&3,75-77.
  54. Dutta Roy, D. and Ghosh, M.(1997) - Awareness of hospital environment and organizational commitment, Journal of Social Psychology, 137,3,380-386.
  55. Dutta Roy, D. (1996) Differential patterns of state anxiety of scientists during Antarctic  expedition, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 22, 1-2, 43-45.
  56. Dutta Roy, D. (1996) Organizational health survey,Productivity,37,3,464-466.
  57. Dutta Roy, D.(1996) - Personality model of fine artists,Creativity Research Journal,9,4,391-394
  58. Dutta Roy, D.(1995) Differences in personality factors of experienced teachers,physicians, bank managers and fine artists,Psychological Studies, 40,1, 51-56.
  59. Dutta Roy, D. (1995) A comment on the similarities in the sixteen PF profiles of Indian and American creative artists,Indian Journal of Psychological Issues, 1,(1 & 2), 11-14.
  60. Dutta Roy, D. (1995) Personality profile similarity of Indian and British physicians,Asian Journal of Psychology and Education, 28, 5-6, 5-8.
  61. Dutta Roy,B.and Dutta Roy,D.(1994) Mathematics preference,Anxiety and Achievement motivation,Psychological Studies, 39,1,34-36.
  62. Mukerjee,M.and Dutta Roy, D. (1994) A Cross cultural study on similarity of personality profiles of teachers and physicians developed on the basis of 16 PF,Indian Journal of Psychology, 69, 3 & 4, 79-86.
  63. Dutta Roy, D. (1994) Personality structure of teachers,Indian Educational Review,25, 34, 89-92.
  64. Dutta Roy,D.(1994) Relative importance of personality factors in discriminating four occupational groups, Indian Journal of Applied Psychology, 31,1,34-38.
  65. Dutta Roy,D., Mukerjee,M., and Chatterjee, A. (1993) Application of correspondence analysis in understanding organizational awareness pattern,Journal of Psychometry, 6,2,11-18.
  66. Dutta Roy,D.,Chatterjee,A.(1992) Factor structures of Organizational Health Scale, Journal of Psychometry, 5,2,19-26.
  67. Dutta Roy,D. (1992) Personality traits of Antarctic expeditioners,Psychological Studies, 37,2&3, 95-98.
  68. Dutta Roy,D.(1992) Organizational health and life satisfaction : A Path-analytic model,Managerial Psychology,51-62.
  69. Dutta Roy,D. (1991)Organizational awareness: Relationship to employee age,education and tenure,Management of labour studies, 16,4,189-191.
  70. Dutta Roy,D. (1991)A comparative study of organizational awareness strategies in private and public sector, Decision,18,1,41-44.
  71. Dutta Roy,D.(1991) A model of change in Organizational health to improve Quality of life,Social Science International, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 189-191.
  72. Chatterjee,A.& Dutta Roy,D (1991) Awareness of external environment,environmental satisfaction and mental health,Indian journal of Applied Psychlogy, 29,2, 74-77.
  73. Bandyopadhyay,S.,Dutta Roy,D.,Basu,A.K. and Chattopadhyay,P.K.(1987) Emotional status of orthopaedically handicapped subjects and neurotic patients, Indian Psychological Review, 32,8&9,1-7.
  74. Saha,A.K. and Dutta Roy,D. (1985) Re-evaluation of NSS programme,Rashtriya Seva, 8,1,5-10.

 

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ABSTRACTS

1.    Re-evaluation of NSS programme

Personal preference inventory was administered to 20 N.S.S and 20 non N.S.S students of B.Tech and M.Tech courses. No significant mean differences were noted in awareness,altruism,leadership,planning and innovation values between the groups.Non N.S.S group was significantly higher in autonomy than N.S.S group.Some suggestions were given to enrich N.S.S programme.

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2.    Emotional status of orthopaedically handicapped subjects and neurotic patients

Psychological measures (viz., State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Multiphasic questionnaire, Personality Questionnaire) were administered on a group of twenty six Orthopaedically handicapped subjects(OH),twenty Neurotic patients (NP) and twenty six normal subjects to assess their motional   status.  OH and NP  showed similar level of emotional disturbances on all the variables on the said measures when compared with the normals. The scores obtained by the OH and NP groups were significantly higher than those obtained by the normal subjects.
 

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3.     A model of change in Organizational health to improve Quality of life

The paper attempts to develop an empirical model of relationship between organizational health and QOL. Organizational health has been conceptualized as a relatively but quasi-enduring state of physical, mental and social wellbeing of the organization and not merely an absence of strike and lockout. A scale was developed to measure eleven attributes of organizational health. QOL refers to general wellbeingness of employees. GHQ-12 was used to measure general wellbeingness of employees. Stratified random sampling was followed to collect the data from the managers (n=82), supervisors (n=131) and rank and file workers (n=186) of two heavy engineering organizations in private and public sectors. Data were analyzed in terms of multivariate statistics. It was found that each organizational health attribute was positively related with general health. Standardized partial regression analysis revealed that involvement, environmental awareness, creativity and physical health accounted for maximum variances of General health than the other attributes.
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4.     Awareness of  external environment,environmental satisfaction and mental health

Samples (n=400) of two heavy engineering organizations were interviewed with a structured questionnaire to study the relationship between two predictors-Awareness of external environment (EA), Environmental satisfaction (ES) and one predicted variable - mental health (MH). Results revealed more accountability of ES than EA to predict MH. However, EA alone failed to predict MH when ES was regressed from EA by standardized partial regression analysis. Possible explanations of the findings were discussed.
 

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5.     Organizational awareness: Relationship to employee age,education and tenure

The paper investigates the effects of age, educational qualification and tenure on the organizational awareness (OA) of employees of a heavy engineering organization. An organizational awareness scale developed by the author was administered to 93 rank and file workers of different deparments in a public sector steel plant. Organizational awareness scores were treated as a dependent variable. No significant relationships  between age and tenure and OA were found. Partial correlation indicated educational qualification alone was related with OA.OA was found to be significantly affected by the interaction effects of Age x Education and tenure x education,i.e, educated older and educated senior individuals are more aware of their organization than simply older and senior people.
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6.    A comparative study of organizational awareness strategies in private andpublic sector

Both quantitative and qualitative data ewre used to compere the degree of organizational awareness by the employees in private and public organizations.It was observed that employees in private organization were more aware of organizational input-throughput-output processes than those in public organization. Different awareness strategies of both organizations were discussed.

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7.     Factor  structures of Organizational Health Scale

Purpose of the present study  is  to conceptualize organizational health construct with limited factor structures. Initially, the construct was conceptualized in terms of eleven apriori variables. A questionnaire was developed on the basis of the apriori variables. Stratefied random sampling was followed to collect data from managers (n=82), supervisors (n=131) and rank file workers (n=186) of two heavy engineering organizations in private and public sectors. Following principal component analysis with varimax rotation, organizational health was conceptualized in terms of five factors namely, satisfactory interaction with task agents, attachment with organizations, problem solving opportunity, evaluation of organizational progress and awareness of changes in task environment.

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8.     Personality traits of Antarctic expeditioners

This study examined personality traits of Indian Antarctic expeditioners (n=8) with Cattell's 16PF (Form A). The result suggests that expeditioners are aloof, objective, intelligent, independent, problem solver, optimistic, cheerful, self sufficient, resource ful, careless of social rules and here little inhibition to environmental threat. Characteristics of personality traits in the context of Antarctica was discussed.

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9.     Organizational health and life satisfaction : A Path-analytic model

Present study attempts to understand a causal relationship between perceived attributes of organizational health and life satisfaction as a whole. Eleven attributes of organizational health were measured by organizational health scale developed by authors. Life satisfaction was measured by life satisfaction scale (Warr et al., 1979). Data were collected from 400 employees of two heavy engineering organizations in private and public sectors following stratified random sampling. Higher order partial correlation coefficient analysis suggests that each health attribute is casually related with life satisfaction. Path analytic model was proposed lastly to identify some of the strategic variables of organizational health to improve life satisfaction.

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10.   Application of correspondence analysis in understanding organizational awareness pattern

Present study is an attempt to apply correspondence analysis in understanding closeness of five rating points (column variables) to nine organizational awareness points (row variables). Organizational awareness scale (Dutta Roy,1989) was administered to 34 managers,73 supervisors, and 93 staffs of a heavy engineering organization in public sector. Analysing the ratings of managers,it was found that SA or Strongly Agree and A or Agree responses were close to safety, and total production process. Positional need theory on development of organizational awareness was discussed for explaining the results.

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11.   Relative importance of personality factors in discriminating four  occupational groups

Objectives of the present study were (i) to determine relative importance of personality factors of Cattell's 16PF in discriminating four occupational groups, namely, teachers, physicians, bank managers, and fine artists and (ii) to find out linear combination of 16 personality factors which produces the maximum difference among four occupational groups. Data were collected from 84 teachers, 67 physicians, 60 bank managers and 49 fine artists. Five personality factors as I,A,O,F and B, were identified as relatively more important in discriminating four occupational groups through stepwise discriminant analysis. Discriminant scores, based on linear combination of most discriminating personality factors, of each occupational group was discussed. For vocational counselling, findings of the study are very important.

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12.   Mathematics preference,Anxiety and Achievement motivation

Interaction between mathematics preference and trait anxiety in mathematics achievement was studied through Tucky's 2 X 2 ANOVA with 126 eight grade girls. Trait anxiety was measured by Spielberger's trait anxiety inventory. Results received significant interaction effect of both variables on mathematics achievement. To control the effect of trait anxiety on mathematics achievement, ANCOVA was used. After ANCOVA, little increase in mathematics score for low mathematics preference group and little decrease in mathematics score for hogh and moderate mathematics preference group were found.

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13.   A Cross cultural study on similarity of personality profiles of teachers and physiciansdeveloped on the basis of 16 PF

The aim of the study is to compare the personality profiles of two occupational groups, viz, physicians and teachers belonging to two different cultural set ups, namely Indian and British cultures. Cattell's 16 P.F. questionnaire (Form A) was used to collect data from Indian samples. Results showed significant mean differences in some personality factors of two occupational groups in both cultures and wide difference in 'rp' between Indian and British occupational groups.

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14.   Personality structure of teachers

Cattell's 16 P.F. was administered to teachers of well known private and public schools in Calcutta,Bombay,Delhi and Madras. Principal component analysis with oblique rotation extracted three personality factors as emotional stability, faithfulness and independence.
 

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15.   Differences in personality factors of experienced teachers, physicians, bank managers  and   fine  artists

Personality factor scores of experienced teachers, physicians, bank managers, and the fine artists were compared. Factor scores were derived from factor loadings of Cattell's 16PF (Form A). Six factors (Relaxed-anxiety, Forthright-complex, Less moralistic - high oralistic,introversion-extraversion, toughminded-tenderminded,  Low intelligence-high intelligence) were obtained through principal component analysis with varimax criterion. Results show that teachers are significantly more extraverted and anxious, physicians are more intelligent, introverted and anxious, bank managers are more extraverted, relaxed, tough minded and intelligent, artists are introverted and tenderminded.
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16.   A comment on the similarities in the sixteen PF profiles of Indian and American creative artists

An attempt has been made in the present study to identify similarities by comparing personality characteristics of Indian professionals in fine arts collected by the author against the personality characteristics of American professionals in fine arts, as reported by cross et. al.,1967. In the present study, both sets of personality data were collected by respective authors by Cattell's 16 P.F. test- in the current century but within a span of 30 years difference, approximately, and without any rigorous effort to match the samples by certain sample- relevant independent variables, except that both respondent groups were recognized fine artists of two different lands.By comparing two sets of data the present author has drawn certain inferences on the similarities and disimilarities in the personality characteristics of fine arts specialists of India and America. In spite of certain methodological limitations, the study is stimulating.

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17.    Personality profile similarity of Indian and British physicians

Current study examined the hypothesis that personality profiles of two different cultural groups were closed to each other when occupation were same. Using Cattells rp index of profile similarity, it was found that personality profiles of Indian and British physicians were significantly very closed to each other. Of sixteen personality factors, only five factors were significantly different in both groups.

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18.   Differential patterns of state anxiety of scientists during Antarctic  expedition

Spielberger's state anxiety scale was administered to the Indian scientists across three different periods of Antarctic expedition, namely, onward, stay and return journey from Antarctica. One way ANOVA with repeated measures (45 observations) shows that state anxiety score during onward journey to Antarctica was significantly higher than that of other periods.

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19.   Organizational health survey

Differences in organizational health perception by the employees of organizations in private and public sectors was determined in the study. Results show that more employees in private organization perceived higher physical,mental and social wellbeing of their organization than employees in public sector.

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20.   Personality model of fine artists

This investigation was designed to (a) identify the personality factors that best discriminated between fine artists and nonartists, and (b) develop a model through which those discriminating personality factors could be predicted from  other personality factors. Cattell's 16 PF test (Form A) was individually administered to 51 artists and 51 non artists randomly selected from 235 cases. Stepwise discriminant analyses and standardized partial regression analyses showd that three personality factors, which related to working style and creative production of artists, could best differentiate the artists from the nonartists. These could be predicted from seven other personality factors of the 16 PF. Thus although prior studies used tests of means and found differences between artists and non artists in a number of interrelated personalityfactors, the present discriminant analysis revealed that differences adequately could be explained with only three personality factors: artists are more introverted, independent, and tender-minded than non artists. These three factors can be predicted from a larger set of traits-if prediction is an issue-and in any case they have the advantage of parsimony.

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21.   Relative prediction of Organizational Health Variables in predicting Job satisfaction

The study investigated the relative predictive capacity of organizational health variables in predicting job satisfaction. Data were collected from managers (n=34), supervisors (n=73), and staffs (n= 82) of a steel plant in public sector. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis across organizational hierarchies shows that managers gave more importance to organizational need satisfaction and organizational awareness for job satisfaction.To supervisors, autonomy in decision making, satisfactory relationship between organization and task environment, awareness of changes in task environment and organizational need satisfaction were relatively more important. To staff, problem solving opportunity and good interpersonal trust were relatively more important for job satisfaction. The role of hierarchical regression analysis in organizational change has also been discussed.

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22.   Psychiatric personality profile similarity among  splenectomy,non-splenectomy betathalassaemic  children

During the last few years, there has been a rapid increase in knowledge about thalassaemia in different medical literatures but there is a dearth of study in medicine about the psychiatric status of thalassaemic patients. As a result, profile of thalassaemic patients depicts clinical, haematological, geographical and filial characteristics rather psychiatric characteristics. One major technique for the treatment of thalassaemia is splenectomy. The behavioural pattern of the children with splenectomy appears to be more closer to the normal children than non splenectomy group. Due to splenectomy, they visit clinic for blood transfusion less frequently than non splenectomy group. With this assumption, present study aimed at comparison in psychiatric profiles of splenectomy and non splenectomy children with non- thalassaemic children (control group). Eysenck's Junior Personality Inventory was administered for collection of data. The inventory measures psychoticism, extraversion, neuroticism and lie traits. Results showed that psychiatric profile of control group was more close to splenectomy than non splenectomy children.

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23.    Resisting decline in short term memory span:Effect of age and Education,

Recent researches suggested decline in short term memory span with increase in age. Effect of educational level on short term memory span has not been given much importance in prior studies. Purpose of the present study was to determine relative prediction of age and education in predicting  short term visual memory span. A computer software was developed for display of digit span and for collection of data systematically. Data were collected from 45 participants with age range of 20 to 60 years. Their educational levels ranged from class VIII to Ph.d. Standardized partial regression analysis reveals that education was relatively stronger preditor than age in predicting short term visual memory span.Results were explained in terms of information processing theory and neurophysiological research. Some suggestions to control decline in short term memory span are cited.

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24.    Awareness of hospital environment and organizational commitment

This research examined possible differences between physicians and nurses in their commitment to their hospital and the relationship of their organizational commitment to their awareness of both the internal and the external environments of the organization. Data came from a public hospital in India. Questionnaires were developed for the measurement of the two predictor variables (awareness of the organization's internal environment and awareness of the organization's external environment). The results indicated significant differences in organizational commitment across hierarchies. The nurses' organizational commitment was predicted by their awareness of internal environment, the physicians' organizational commitment was predicted by their awareness of external environment.

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25. Assessing the health of a hospital - A process state approach

The present study was made to assess the organizational health of a public hospital in Calcutta using the process state approach. A Likert type five point rating scale was prepared for assessment of the physical,mental, and social wellbeing of the hospital. Stratified random sampling was followed to collect data from 18 physicians and 39 nurses. The results revealed no significant difference between physicians and nurses is perceiving the state of wellbeing of the hospital. It was noted that less than 50% of the respondents perceived a high state of physical,mental and social wellbeing in the hospital.Some organizational change strategies are discussed to improve the health of the hospital.

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26.    Correspondence analysis between stimulus length and amount of forgetting in assessment of short term memory span

Correspondence between successive increment in stimulus length ranged from 3 to 9 (seven row variables) and percentage of forgetting (four column variables) was examined through Correspondence Analysis (CA). Number of subjects, who forgot the corresponding stimulus length under each category of the amount of forgetting, were used to constitute the data structure.Data were collected from 50 male and 22 female participants using digit span of WAIS. Each set of digit was administered through computer. Graphical representation based on the CA revealed different extent of dispersion among the locations of 7 row and 4 column variables. Attention was paid to compare correspondence analysis with other statistics used for assessment of the relationship between row and column variables.

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27. Personality differences across four metropolitan cities of India

Differences in personality traits across four metropolitan cities and the modal personality structure of the people in four cities were examined. Cattell's 16 PF test (Form A) was used for measurement of personality. It was found that samples of calcutta (n=93) were significantly higher on factors B,E,I, and Q2 than those of Delhi (n=51), Bombay (n=64) and Madras (n=78). Factor analysis with varimax rotation identified four personality factors, similar to big five personality dimensions. The derived factors were not significantly different across cities. Results were explained in terms of socio-cultural and climatic changes in four cities. Implication of the findings on identification of human potentials for socio-economic growth of those cities was illuminated.
 

28 Item-total score correlations of state anxiety inventory across different months in Antarctic Expedition

The purpose of the study was to determine extent of item-total-correlation coefficients of Spielberger's state anxiety inventory across twelve months in Antarctic expedition. Data were collected from 18 Antarctic expeditioners. Results show that eleven items out of twenty were positively and significantly related with total score across months. Result is explained in terms of the differences in connotations by the item content.

29. Item response theory in organizational psychology

Item response theory (IRT) is a relatively new development in measurement of behaviour in the context of organizational issues. This might be due to more importance of IRT on unidimensional trait (ability) than multidimensional traits (attitudes and values). In the context of organization, the multidimensional traits, like attitudes towards job facets, towards organization's structure and process characteristics (organizational climate, culture and organizational health) have received importance in current literature. Present paper reviewed articles published in the journal of applied psychology from 1980 to 1996. It was noted that there were few applications of IRT in studying problems of organizational psychology. Some controversies and unresolved problems are examined from a practical perspective.
 

30. State anxiety profile similarity of scientists and logistic personnel in the Antarctica expedition using'rp' index

Prior researches on state anxiety pattern in Antarctica expedition were confined only to the experience of scientists resulting in a gap of knowledge in understanding anxiety pattern of the logistic personnel. This study determined state anxiety profile similarity between both scientists (n=11) and logistic personnel (n=7) across 12 months by using Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory. Results show high and significant rp values and their variations across twelve months. Variations of rp index were interpreted in terms of the different stressful events occuring during the expedition.
 

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 31. Ranking General Aptitudes for success in Computer Programming

Present study was designed to estimate rank values of nine general aptitudes for success in computer programming. Data were collected from 32 experienced computer programmers. Kendall's Co-efficient concordance indicated moderate 'within group' homogeneity. It was noted that aptitudes concerned with reasoning faculties possessed rank values lower than hypothetical median value indicating their greater importance. Whereas those more concerned with skills possessed rank values higher than the hypothetical median value indicating their relatively lesser importance. Relative rank status of different aptitudes in the context of effective programme writing was discussed.
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 39. Aptitude Importance Profile Similarity of Computer Programmers Across Different Organizations

This study examined aptitude profile similarity of computer programmers working in different organizations (manufacturing, financial, computer training institutes, research and development organizations, administration centers and research and educational institutes). A 40-item checklist was administered to 201 experienced computer programmers to indicate extent of importance on each aptitude for satisfactory performance in their assignments. Aptitude profiles of six organizations were treated with single linkage hierarchical cluster analysis for profile similarity. Results revealed three clusters. Aptitude importance of three clusters was discussed.
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